I am experiencing such frustration with my Junior class right now! I teach all sciences in my small school 7-11th. This is my second year teaching and while my Juniors last year struggled a bit in Chem, they are massively struggling this year. I have a Chemistry textbook that is two decades old, so I have elected to use it more as reference. I began both years with the periodic table, it’s arrangement, charge structure, properties and naming molecular and ionic compounds. Then, we progressed to balancing, finding molar mass, converting from grams to moles and back, percent composition. Now we are on empirical formula and molecular formulas. This is as far as we have gotten this year! Last year I had at least made it to stoichometry and gas laws. We went to Lewis dots and structural shapes, acids and bases, reaction rates, and equilibrium. My students are just crashing on understanding. I know it is not me; as I said last year was better...I have only 16 students, 5 of which have IEPS and take algebra basics instead of alg 2 right now. I am finding basic concepts of solving for x lacking as well as just understanding the steps. One of my top students today in trying to understand empirical formaula was having a break down over how they were going to know the steps! I keep wondering if I am focusing on the math too much? But, I look at the labs we could do, and the questions all involve this math. I haven’t been teaching long enough to customize labs. My students act like I am trying to teach them college chem. Am I? There are literally only 8 science standards that apply to Chemistry, so maybe I am having unreal expectations. Chemistry teachers out there do you have suggestions for me?