It seems there are frequent discussions on the A2Z forum about retention, and I found this interesting when I came across it a few minutes ago. For those familiar with the literature, there is almost no empirical support for retention, either in the academic or behavioral areas. There are some exceptions to this, and of course empirical data suggests that no benefits are found on average, so it is possible that retention can benefit some students. However, as a whole, it does not appear to be a "best practice." This article supports that assertion, and adds some scary data suggesting that a certain group of kids experienced an elevated incidence of depressive symptoms after grade retention. Here's the Abstract: The article is entitled Grade Retention and Borderline Intelligence: The Social–Emotional Cost, is by Anne M. Ritzema & Steven R. Shaw, and was found in the School Psychology Forum (Volume 6, Issue 1, Spring 2012).