Warning: Long A little history first. My little sister is 6 years old and in the first grade (she'll be 7 on Monday). She has been in a regular school up until today. My family homeschools, but because my her bio parents rights haven't been terminated (they're about halfway through the tpr proceedings) and my parents have not yet adopted her, they had difficulty getting permission from the courts to homeschool. Well, last week, her pediatrician refered her to the hombound program (for several reasons which are unimportant to the problem at hand) and they had a staffing and she will be homeschooled from now on. The little girl is in state custody because of severe emotional, physical and sexual abuse to both her and her three sibilngs. The mother has a documented sub-normal IQ and the father has a low-normal IQ. They were transfered to my parents' custody in the spring of 2007 and the older three siblings have been put in permanant homes with their respective paternal relatives (one mom, 4 different dads). This child's father is the perpetrator, and cannot be placed with his family because of the risk of further contact with him (long story). My parents will adopt her once the TPR is completed. All of her older siblings have various learning disabilities to varying degrees. The oldest child could decode beautifully, but had zero comprehension. The second child was completely illiterate at 12 years old. He knew his alphabet, but didn't even know what sounds each of the letters made. He couldn't even read simple CVC words. The 3rd child had some decoding and comprehension issues, but not nearly as severe as her older siblings. So, the problem this little girl is having is this: She cannot remember even simple sight words. She can decode words as well as you could expect a normal first grader to be able too (maybe on the low side of normal, but still normal), but she cannot remember sight words. Words like "a" "an" "the" "on", ect., she has to sound out EVERY SINGLE time she sees them. She is otherwise bright and inquisitive. She's by no means gifted, but she's a "normal bright" child. It's incredibly frustrating for her to try to read anything, as everything takes so long to decode. Then she has to go back and re-read every sentence because she missed half of the meaning for all the effort it took to decode the first time. When she does that she STILL has to decode even the simple words. Reading lessons (homework help before now, and now actual instruction) has always ended in tears and a very grumpy little girl. My mom asked me to come here and ask for help because, even though she's taught a LOT of kids throughout the years, she's never run into this particular problem. Outside of flashcards, she has no clue what she can do to help this child. My mother is not willing to settle for anything less than "the best". This child WILL learn how to read if it kills both of them, so she says, and mom is willing to do whatever it takes to get her there. She's just not willing to allow this child to be "lost", since she really is a fabulous little girl and otherwise quite capable (she's my kinda girl...soaks up math like a sponge). So, WHAT can we do to help her? Any and all suggestions are welcome. Thanks.