I just had a debate with my fifth grade daughter about this, and am looking for some feedback. According to my daughter, every teacher she’s had – K – 5th – conducts a lesson this way: 1 – provides instruction 2 – gives an independent assignment 3 – completes some task while students are working – grading papers, hanging up students' work, lesson planning, etc. At this time, if students need help or have questions, they may approach the teacher and ask questions. I argued that teachers should be “teaching” at every moment of the day. So, if students are doing independent work, the teacher should be walking the room, providing assistance, conferencing with students, or at least observing students as they work. I do not grade or straighten up or anything unless the kids are at a special or at recess/lunch. My daughter thinks that is silly. If a lesson is taught properly, students should be able to work without the teacher walking the room. However, I think that if such minimal assistance is needed, the activity must not be challenging enough. What do you think?