For the past week I have been teaching my 5th graders how to make inferences from reading a story. We have a grid we fill in. The first box is labeled "what the author is saying', the next box is labeled 'what we already know (prior knowledge)', and the third box is where we put our inference. They are not grasping the concept that the prior knowledge part is not supposed to be something from what they read. It is supposed to be from their own knowledge of the subject. What is an easier way of teaching them how to make inferences?