The issue of physically restraining students is a current topic in education right now. Many schools and staff have come under fire for restraining and secluding students. In every case that has made the news, the child was either held, handcuffed, or locked into a room. I understand how those actions can be considered "restraint" and why they would be prohibited. However, I've been told in a "barracks lawyer" fashion that any physical handling of a student is prohibited, for any reason. This is the first year that I've had students who have refused to go to the time-out corner or leave the room and go to the buddy classroom. I have never had a more defiant group of first graders. Though, I have not physically restrained any of my students, I could easily see how the need might come up. Let me give a few hypothetical examples based on what my students might do. Example 1: Suppose a student is in the cafeteria and gets up and starts running around and throwing everyone's food around. The trays are Styrofoam and pose no danger of hurting anyone. However, the student refuses to stop when repeatedly told to do so. Can a trained staff member physically remove that child from the cafeteria? Example 2: Again in the cafeteria, a student gets up and starts running for the unlocked kitchen door. Of course, the kitchen is a dangerous place. Can any staff member physically hold that student back from entering the kitchen? Example 3 A student attempts to run out of the classroom. Can I as a teacher hold them back to prevent them from leaving the room? I'm only restraining them from traveling in the direction of the door and entering the hallway. If they go in the direction of their desk, they are free to move. Example 4 Same situation as example 4, except instead of restraining, I'm just physically blocking them. Example 5 A student goes to the time out corner. They keep leaving. Is it "seclusion" if I stand in a manner that prevents them from leaving the corner. Example 6 A student is disrupting the class in a manner that prevents the teacher from teaching the class. Let's say they are simply screaming loudly and repeatedly over and over for a long period of time. Or perhaps they are going about the room ripping up everyone's papers. But they are not physically endangering anyone. The child refuses to leave and go to the buddy classroom or the office. Can a trained staff member be called to physically remove that child from the room? I've tried looking up these scenarios, and all I get are examples of physically restraining students mainly as a form of punishment in special education classrooms. My concern is that if legislation passes with the intent of preventing this type of restraint, it will be interpreted in such a manner that it keeps staff from maintaining order in a regular education setting.