Comprehension : Bottom up and Top Down

Discussion in 'Elementary Education' started by McKennaL, Jun 1, 2011.

  1. McKennaL

    McKennaL Groupie

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    Jun 1, 2011

    Could someone give me a quick definition of bottom up and top down strategies?

    I am sure I know what this is - but haven't heard it referred to as that.

    Thanks
     
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  3. mopar

    mopar Multitudinous

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    Jun 1, 2011

    I think that bottom up refers to look at the phonics first and building up to comprehension, while top down is more looking at the comprehension piece and building to reading (whole language).
     
  4. cutNglue

    cutNglue Magnifico

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    Jun 1, 2011

    Bottoms Up Theory is like part to whole. It's focuses on the smallest units and works its way up. So it focuses on phonics and works its way up through the structures until meaning (letter, word, sentence, paragraph, meaning).
    1. Knowledge of Letter Combinations
    a. Phonics (letter-sound relationships)
    b. Morphological analysis (units of meaning, such as root, prefixes, suffixes)
    2. Sentence patterns (syntax)
    3. Sight vocabulary (words instantly recognized)

    Top Down Processing on the other hand starts with meaning and focuses on the reader.
    1. Reader’s conceptual knowledge
    2. Reader’s prior knowledge
    3. Reader’s knowledge of text structure
     
  5. McKennaL

    McKennaL Groupie

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    Jun 1, 2011

    THANKS SO MUCH!!!

    I have colleagues who use this lingo constantly (and rather smugly) - and I would like to do more than smile and nod.

    :p
     

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