Hi, I own and run a small nursery school in Johannesburg. I currently have 7 children between 18 months and 5 years old. I go up to 12 children a year. I've got a little boy who is turning 5 and has been with me since age 2. We have a good bond and he's a well behaved child but I can't get him to sing or participate in rhymes etc. He seems utterly bored during singing rings and when we sing ABC's, Days of the week etc, I have to seriously encourage him. I'm worried that by this time he should be doing this naturally. I've also picked up that he doesn't know his ABC's, days of the week etc. Obviously we sing the songs to reinforce the concepts and he's just not picking them up. I spoke to Dad who told me he happily sings Justin Bieber in the car!! I've tried star chart rewards (or lack thereof if he doesn't participate), making him the 'leader' during songs, I've even explained to him why he needs to learn them (in child terms obviously). He hasn't really responded to any of these. I need some opinions - is there a chance that he has an audio perception problem, possibly sensory. Do I refer him? To what specialist at first? Is there anything else I can try? Have any of you had this happen before?