I can speak to all of this. I started my teaching career in NY and went to take the teaching exams--I had no teaching experience, and had just started my ed credits/grad school. Passed all tests with flying colors, and I remember so many teachers as we were waiting in line saying "This is my 4th or 5th time" I was worried going into the math, because I didn't remember any math, but most of it, you could plug in the answers from the m.c. and get the right answer. This was back in 2000. I eventually went on to take all the Praxis I and Praxis II exams that I needed, since I was planning on leaving NY, and passed most of them with Honors. I also recently passed the Praxis II in History, even though I don't have a history degree, nor have I taught history, and I passed it with no problems. People in the room looked at me strangely when I walked out of the room before the time was up. I also see it in my classroom. I teach AP and Dual Enrollment, and while my kids are all really nice kids, many of them are not AP or Dual Enrollment students. Especially with the AP, guidance puts them into the class because they are good kids--but they fail miserably. And with the DE kids, many are capable, but they don't want to put in the work necessary.