How do I wean them off of it? They're kind of delicate, anxiety-wise, so I wouldn't go cold turkey and give them timed drills. Besides, they're LD and probably won't be able to process so quickly. I just want them to try more to calculate in their heads and not start counting fingers the second I ask them anything. (I've tried simply suggesting that they try doing it mentally and requested that they not use their fingers/tally marks/count out loud, giving them easy examples to start with, but it didn't really work). My next idea is to start teaching them strategies, but I'm not sure exactly how to make it work. In a regular ed class I'd give them, say, all the examples with adding 10 and ask them to find the pattern after writing the answers (with fingers). Then they should be able to memorize the rule and come up with the answers more quickly/without counting. But I'm not confident enough in my kids' ability to pick up patterns like that.