When they start arguing in class, I send them to the hallway. When I have the class back on task and go out to the hallway, I ask them these questions:
- What were you supposed to be doing?
- What were you doing?
- What are you going to do when you return to the room?
If they don't me the right answers, I tell them to think about it and leave them in the hallway for a few more minutes.
When I return, I go over the same questions again.
When the student gives me the right answers (ex. I was supposed to be reading; I was talking to Jack; I'm going to read my book.), I tell them they're right, that I know they can do this and send them back in.
If the student continues to be defiant, I'll bring their work and a desk out into the hallway so they can at least not disrupt others. It's amazing how sometimes these kids will actually get some work done once they're in the hallway.