A debate over how to eliminate all F's (every kid succeeds) begs the question, do we evaluate knowledge of the standards or study habits and quality of work? Our middle school admin. says that teachers cannot fail those who do not turn in classwork or homework, only those who do not demonstrate mastery of the standards. Playing the devil's advocate...what happens to the student who passes tests of all the standards for his/her grade level in September? Do we promote them? Evaluating study habits and quality of work prepares students for the world of work. Businesses hire people who show up on time, follow directions, work well independently, finish their tasks, and do quality work. Some very intelligent people with lots of knowledge lose their real world jobs because they don't produce. Narratives probably would yield more meaningful feedback than grades do. Granted their preparation consumes more time, effort, and thought on the teacher's part. The use of narratives would eliminate the ambiguity of letter grades, especially if teachers avoided vague cliches and focused on accurately describing the student's progress.