Teaching plural nouns to first graders

Discussion in 'First Grade' started by kamisc, Mar 1, 2012.

  1. kamisc

    kamisc Rookie

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    Mar 1, 2012

    I am going to try to teach my students plural nouns next week because I am noticing a lot of z's ending their sentences. Since they are first grade I think teaching "s" and "es" is sufficient but would like some input. We do not have a grammar curriculum so its very open.

    Any ideas for teaching these plurals? I believe they will get "S" quickly but may need help with "es". Also any fun hands-on ways to teach this? Thank you!
     
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  3. mopar

    mopar Multitudinous

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    Mar 1, 2012

    We used pictures and then had the students write about their pictures. On the first picture was the word, on the second picture of the item was the "s" or "es".

    You could have students listen and decide if it is an "s" or "es" sound, they usually sound different. Then students could throw a ball into the hoop or bucket for the correct spelling or any other physical activity.
     
  4. TeacherGroupie

    TeacherGroupie Moderator

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    Mar 1, 2012

    The short version is that the spelling of the regular plural always involves a letter <s> rather than a letter <z>, but that how it's pronounced and whether there's also an <e> in the spelling depends on how the final sound of the base word is pronounced.

    - We write <s> and say /s/ if the final sound of the word is voiceless: hops, bites, rakes, reefs.

    - We write <s> but say /z/ if the final sound of the word is voiced, and this includes all vowels: babes, duds, rags (and fugues), knives, hums, runes, kings, fires, sales, agrees, grows.

    - We write <es> and say /@z/ (I think I can't get a schwa to display, so I'm using @ instead) if the final sound of the word is pronounced a lot like the sound /s/: bosses, fizzes, rashes, rouges, itches, judges - though, as the last word shows, if the word as SPELLED already ends in letter <e> we don't supply the <e>: horses, not "horsees".

    (To get technical about it, the sounds /s/ and /z/ are alveolar fricatives. The final sounds that make us pronounce the plural as /Iz/ have to be either fricative or affricate - that is, the sound either is or includes a hissing or hushing component - AND either alveolar (pronounced in the mouth where /s/ is) or palatal (pronounced in the mouth where <sh> and <tch> are. And, for the record, there's a similar but not quite identical rule for the pronunciation of past tense <ed>.)

    The students don't necessarily need the technical terms, but the teacher who knows what drives the alternation in pronunciation will probably find it easier to choose words with which to teach students how the plural works.
     
  5. Lynnnn725

    Lynnnn725 Connoisseur

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    Mar 1, 2012

    make a list of the singular and plural form of words. Ask children what they notice. Ask if they can hear the -es when they say the word. "bus; buses" you can hear the -es. Add another word in the singular form and ask them to tell you the plural. Ask if they hear the -es sound. If so, then add es.

    Then go back over the list. Say bus. how many syllables? (1). Say buses. How many syllables? (2). When you add -es, you also add a syllable.

    I just reiterate those two points when reviewing my chart (you can hear the -es, and it also adds a syllable) and that is a way to check whether or not you add es or just an s.
     
  6. cheer

    cheer Comrade

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    Apr 1, 2012

    I teach es as a cheer
    Sh, ch, s, x, z you add es yes, yes ,yes. Go...es!
     

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