I feel like this might be a dumb question, but I truly don't understand. Not to be too political, but I notice in current anti-education rhetoric people are essentially blaming the teachers' unions for pretty much every perceived weakness with public education. Low test scores, our rank compared to other countries, school violence, you name it, it's the fault of those awful teachers' unions. We have a lot of school politics/reform nonsense in my area and this union thing is a CONSTANT rhetoric among the general public, even people that have nothing to do with education. "Break up the unions" is touted as the fix for absolutely everything. I have seen teachers on this board post that they have "no union." Forgive me for being dense, but does that truly mean some states have nothing? I work in a "right to work" state, but we still have unions. My understanding is that the difference is it's voluntary to join the union in my state, whereas in non right to work states, you have to join no matter what. Ours is also technically called an "association," but they seem to do the same types of things as unions in other states (contract negotiations, providing representation with unfair work situations, etc.) We don't have real "tenure" anymore, but my family members are teachers in OH, which is supposedly a "union state," and they don't either. In fact, my dad was telling me that the weak "non-probationary" status I have is better than what the younger (non-grandfathered in) teachers at his school have in OH. How many states truly have no union, no association, nothing at all? And if there are states that truly have nothing, how is the whole anti-union thing still even an argument (assuming schools in those states aren't performing better than union states)?