Phonics in Middle School

Discussion in 'General Education' started by Ellebee, Oct 8, 2018.

  1. Ellebee

    Ellebee Rookie

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    Oct 8, 2018

    Hey all, I have a 7th grader who has been home schooled up until this year. His reading is very poor.. he has a lot of trouble decoding new words and doesn't recognize many sight words at this point. I think he lacks certain phonemic awareness skills, such as phoneme segmenting, phoneme addition (s + tar =star), final sound recognition, and phoneme alliteration & discrimination (which word has a different first sound: jump, jam, fish, June) so I am thinking of starting him with some very basic phonic skills. I have never worked with a 7th grader at this low of a reading level, I don't even know where to start. Do I just try the same things I would with a 1st grader?
     
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  3. a2z

    a2z Maven

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    Oct 8, 2018

    If he doesn't have phonemic awareness skills, that is where you need to start along with letter recognition and letter/sound recognition. Phonics won't work unless the phonemic awareness skills are in place. You may get some sight words memorized, but the decoding won't come without a sound foundation in phonemic awareness. The phonics will just be a bunch of "rules" that make no sense.
     
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  4. Leaborb192

    Leaborb192 Enthusiast

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    Oct 8, 2018

    Start by assessing him with a Quick Phonics Screener. This will assess him in individual areas so that you can collect the information that you need to plan accordingly.
    http://www.mo-case.org/resources/Documents/MTSS Workshop Series 2016-17/Academic Docs/QPS quick phonics screener.pdf

    You may even need to use the Kindergarten screener:
    https://www.literacyresourcesinc.com/assets/1/7/Kindergarten_PA_Assessments.July_2014.pdf

    And yes you probably will have to do a lot of basic things that are taught in K-2 especially if he's lacking the foundations.

    This is why I'm enrolled in a Literacy Specialist program because I know students in ALL grade levels struggle with reading and writing. Right now it's a B-6 program, but I may seek additional certification at the secondary level because they need help too.
    :)
     
  5. FourSquare

    FourSquare Fanatic

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    Oct 8, 2018

    Phonemic awareness has to do with sound and should be practiced orally. Phonics is about visual print. They can't really happen without each other. I'd look into Heggerty phonemic awareness practice (5 min routine) and REWARDS phonics for secondary students. (Workbook is cheap.) Research says this shit is minimally effective after 4th grade, but I disagree and also don't know what else we're supposed to be doing. :confused:
     
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  6. Leaborb192

    Leaborb192 Enthusiast

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    Oct 8, 2018

    Exactly. This is a ball. It begins with the /b/ sound. It starts with the letter "b.'' B makes the /b/ sound.
    I'm working with a first grader on the letter names and sounds of the alphabet as he doesn't have this concept down. He does know J /j/ as that's the first letter of his name. Other than that... yeah ... nothing.
    :(
     
  7. Ellebee

    Ellebee Rookie

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    Oct 9, 2018 at 9:41 AM

    Thanks for the recommendations. I wasn't sure if I needed to start with the phonemic awareness interventions before I could work on phonics. Or, if it would be beneficial to work on phonics. Of the words he can read, he explained that he learned it all just by doing flash cards. So he's reading at about 40 wpm with 7 errors when I use DIBELS to test him.
    It's easy to plan this kind of stuff with a 1st grader! I just don't know how to adapt it for a 7th grader. Every resource is so clearly targeted towards very young kids, and he already has anxiety about how poor of a reader he is.
     
  8. otterpop

    otterpop Aficionado

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    Oct 10, 2018 at 8:38 AM

    Look for the boring looking stuff with no pictures. I agree, much of it is cartoonish! Last year, I did the same for one of my students.

    Also search for resources labeled "High Interest, Low Readability".

    Build on what he knows. Point out the word parts in familiar words and then give similar unknown words to decode. Teach him how to chunk word parts he knows to break up larger words, as well as how to use context clues.
     
    Last edited: Oct 10, 2018 at 8:44 AM

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