Now Chalkbeat has identified more than 20 studies published in the last decade that show how to raise test scores and graduation rates. The overpowering conclusion is that the way to higher achievement in poor kids is through addressing poverty. Quote from article: "Chalkbeat identified more than 20studies published in the past decade that examine how increasing family income or benefits, like food stamps and health insurance, affect children’s outcomes in school in the U.S. This research does not simply restate the well-known fact that less affluent children do worse in schools than more affluent ones; the studies try to pin down the effect of providing additional resources to families in poverty." When Gates and other billionaires propose harder standards and other unsupported methods of closing the achievement gap, then spend hundreds of millions on their ineffective ideas—they miss the simple answer: address poverty.