Can anyone give me insight on why a student would make hugely wrong spelling errors? The student is a below level reader but not too low, but their writing is sometimes terribly wrong. The student reads well until getting to a long word that they do not know, and then they'll completely guess. A word such as "declaration" might be read as "department" and then "dangerous" with no real attempt to problem solve or try a word that fits with the context of the sentence. A word such as "complete" might be written "cpmleat". Sometimes there's a totally random letter thrown in there: "compekpt". Often the word is right there on the page when the student is writing the word, but the student does not look back in the question to check spelling. Student has parents who are non-native speakers but I don't think that this is an English language problem. I've gone backwards and tried giving the student easier tasks to see if it might be a phonics problem, but if I go much lower than their current grade level the work seems quite easy for them. There's also a focus issue that I suspect impacts this a lot. It's mostly with words that they don't know and/or haven't directly studied. Ideas? What is the best way to help this child?